Future growth will offer opportunities to improve SDG performances and reduce gaps, but can also raise challenges along this path. APPS proposes a consistent framework suitable for providing the assessment of future sustainability under:

  1. Reference Scenario: also labelled as “business-as-usual” or “baseline” scenario, is based upon historical trends, differentiated assumptions on future patterns in socio-economic drivers, and the absence of new policies for sustainability
  2. Policy Scenarios: compared to the reference scenario, they help understanding the implications of sustainability policies on SDGs. The main focus is on Social (poverty and inequality, food and hunger, education) and Environmental Policies (climate and energy)